RESISTANCE IN SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR

Language: English

Publisher: Institute for Contemporary History

Editors: Dr. John Paul Newman, Professor, Maynooth University

   Dr. Ljubinka Škodrić, Research Associate, Institute for Contemporary History

   Dr. Rade Ristanović, Research Associate, Institute for Contemporary History

Contact: resistanceww2@isi.co.rs

Production framework:

December 2020: deadline for abstract submission

June 2021: deadline for submission of full papers

July to November 2021: preparation for publication

December 2021: launching of publication

 

Territorial framework: Southeast Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Montenegro, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia)

Summary: Forthcoming anniversaries commemorating eighty years since the Axis invasion of Eastern and Southeastern Europe are increasing the public attention in this part of history. That presents a favorable context for a volume of essays that would provide a broader retrospective insight and synthesize previous scientific research on certain specific topics. Guided by these motives, the Institute of Contemporary History has launched the project « Resistance in Southeastern Europe during the Second World War » which aims to provide the professional and non-professional public with a collection of papers scrutinizing from multiple perspectives phenomenon of resistance. The volume’s geographical framework will cover Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Montenegro, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia.

The brutal elimination of political, ideological and racial enemies of the Third Reich, existential threats, restrictions on freedom of movement, restriction of free speech, economic exploitation, forced labor, censorship and the use of propaganda are the basic characteristics of Third Reich’s rule over wartime Europe. Besides these common traits, every European region experienced specific fate during World War II. One characteristics of Southeast Europe was coexistence of several occupation regimes, plus puppet and satellite states. The territory of Kingdom of Yugoslavia was divided between the Third Reich, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, and a puppet state – Independent State of Croatia was created. Three military forces participated in occupation of Greece; Albania was at first under Italian, and from 1943 under German control. Regimes in Romania and Bulgaria had certain degree of independence, but in fact were under Axis control.   

Such conditions were unfavorable for initiating resistance, which nevertheless appeared in various forms. The first group includes forms of resistance whose effects directly supported the war efforts of the Allies. By that we mean conducting large-scale military operations and assassinations of prominent figures of the government system, as well sabotages, diversions, and conducting intelligence activities. The second segment refers to the unarmed resistance, which had the effect of undermining the occupation and satellite regimes and raising the patriotic and anti-fascist mood of the ordinary population. In this regard, we focus on proposals that analyze violations of verbal delict, rescuing Jews and other enemies of the regime, institutional resistance and daily resistance, arrogant behavior and other forms of civil disobedience. We equally encourage contributions that analyze the organization of resistance carried out by different movements, religious and other organizations, but also by lone individuals.

Simultaneously with the resistance, in some parts of Southeastern Europe civil, religious and class conflicts also took place. The occupying authorities imposed a strict regime in response to resistance, whose key feature was collective reprisals. In addition, difficult economic situation caused by the war and the exploitation of occupied territories, ultimately led to an acute shortage of basic supplies. These circumstances oblige us to take into special consideration works that focus on the specific conditions and atmosphere within which the resistance in Southeastern Europe took place. In this segment, we emphasize the analysis of the organizational structure and forms of action of the repressive system aimed at suppressing resistance. In this context, we also consider important studies that indicate the forms and intensity of suffering of members of the resistance movements and civilian victims as a consequence of resisting the regime. Research that scrutinizes the attitude of ordinary citizens towards resistance also comes into consideration. We also consider equally important papers that analyze the cooperation between resistance movements and Allies.

The analysis of the post-war attitude towards this topic represents the third thematic framework of this collection of papers. We encourage researchers studying the history of historiography, the politics of remembrance and memorialization, the history of film, fine arts and other arts to contribute to a comprehensive understanding of this topic by providing their research on collective memory of resistance.

In methodological terms, we are open to proposals which follow any of the thematic units described above or are combining their aspects, researching resistance on the level of larger territorial areas or cities. Case studies that indicate certain specifics on examples are also welcome. We will also readily consider comparative analyzes that look at the phenomenon of resistance in different territorial or temporal frameworks.

 

 

Thematic framework:

Resistance:

• Armed resistance (major insurgent operations, liberation of the cities, formation of free territories, assassinations)

• Sabotages (diversions on the railways and the most important roads, industrial companies, mines and other facilities of importance to the occupier)

• Intelligence activities in the functions of Allied war objectives

• Propaganda of the resistance movements

• Rescue of political, racial and other enemies of the regime (Jews, Roma, banned political party members, etc.)

• Unarmed or civilian resistance (violation of a verbal offense, daily resistance, resistance within institutions)

Conditions and atmosphere in which the resistance took place:

• Organizational structure, methods and results of the repressive apparatus aimed at suppressing resistance

• Preventive action (protective measures, use of propaganda, everyday life, ordinary citizens)

• Casualties of members of the resistance movements and civilians as a consequence of resisting (quantification of the number of those arrested, taken to the camp and killed)

• Resistance movements in the Allied strategy

Perceptions of these topics in post-war period to these days:

• State policy of remembrance in different ideological and political frameworks

• Historiography

• Art (film, theater, fine arts)

Methodology:

• synthetic overviews of developments at the level of the state, occupational zones, large areas or cities

• case studies

• comparative analysis

Guidelines for Submission:

Abstracts (300-500 words) with title should be submitted by December 30, 2020 and full papers are expected by June 30, 2021. Papers should be no longer than 50,000 characters. For citation style, consult the guidelines at the website of a journal Istorija 20. veka https://istorija20veka.rs/instruction-for-authors/ Applicants will be notified on the outcome of their submission no later than 15 January 2021. Submissions and queries should be directed at: resistanceww2@isi.co.rs

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